The grim economic environment in the early nineties, the steep appreciation of Rupee against foreign currency puts India on the throes of economic reform resulting in the transformation of the Indian chemical industry. The focus shifts from import substitution to manufacture of products which are globally competitive.
NCL aggressively forays into R&D partnership with global multinational companies.
NCL coins the slogan “patent, publish or perish”. Pioneers the culture of patenting before publishing, a culture which will come to pervade all – CSIR post 1995.
NCL forays into the area of polycondensation chemistry for polycarbonates. Files and secures several seminal patents in the area of solid state polycondensation, which attracts GE, the world’s largest producer of polycarbonates to NCL. This marks the beginning of a collaboration, which holds the record of the longest sustained collaboration between CSIR and industry, from 1993 to present. This collaboration sets new paradigm in public-private partnership, eventually resulting in the setting up of the J. Welch Technology Center at Bangalore.
NCL signs landmark research agreements with global companies such as, GE, DuPont, Dow, BASF Lyondell, Lanxess, Solvay, J&J, P&G, UOP, Invista, Eastman, Alcoa, Neste, Unilever, Honeywell etc. and ventures aggressively into contract research.
NCL continues its tradition of leadership in catalysis R&D. It becomes the second institution in the world to develop a titanosilicate catalyst, TS-1, heretofore, a monopoly of Enichem, Italy. The catalyst is scaled up to kilogram level at NCL and is supplied to global companies for several years.